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2828 COMPLAINT2828 FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
29JAMES Y. PAK (SBN 304563)29JAMES Y. PAK (SBN 304563)
30james.pak@skadden.com SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE, MEAGHER & FLOM LLP 525 University Avenue, Suite 1400 Palo Alto, CA 94301 Telephone: (650) 470-4500 Facsimile: (650) 470-457030james.pak@skadden.com SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE, MEAGHER & FLOM LLP 525 University Avenue, Suite 1400 Palo Alto, CA 94301 Telephone: (650) 470-4500 Facsimile: (650) 470-4570
31KEVIN J. MINNICK (SBN 269620)31KEVIN J. MINNICK (SBN 269620)
32kevin.minnick@skadden.com32kevin.minnick@skadden.com
33SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE, MEAGHER & FLOM LLP33SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE, MEAGHER & FLOM LLP
34300 South Grand Avenue, Suite 340034300 South Grand Avenue, Suite 3400
35Los Angeles, CA 9007135Los Angeles, CA 90071
36Telephone: (213) 687-500036Telephone: (213) 687-5000
37Facsimile: (213) 687-560037Facsimile: (213) 687-5600
38P. ANTHONY SAMMI anthony.sammi@skadden.com KURT WM. HEMR kurt.hemr@skadden.com (motion for pro hac vice admission of the foregoing attorneys forthcoming)38P. ANTHONY SAMMI (admitted pro hac vice) anthony.sammi@skadden.com KURT WM. HEMR (motion for pro hac vice pending) kurt.hemr@skadden.com SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE, MEAGHER & FLOM LLP Four Times Square New York, New York 10036 Telephone: (212) 735-3000 Facsimile: (212) 735-2000
39SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE, MEAGHER & FLOM LLP Four Times Square New York, New York 10036 Telephone: (212) 735-3000 Facsimile: (212) 735-2000
40Attorneys for Plaintiff,39Attorneys for Plaintiff,
41Crytek GmbH40Crytek GmbH
42IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT41IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
43FOR THE CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA42FOR THE CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
44WESTERN DIVISION43WESTERN DIVISION
45CRYTEK GMBH,44CRYTEK GMBH,
46Plaintiff,45Plaintiff,
47v.46v.
48CLOUD IMPERIUM GAMES CORP. and ROBERTS SPACE INDUSTRIES CORP.,47CLOUD IMPERIUM GAMES CORP. and ROBERTS SPACE INDUSTRIES CORP.,
49Defendants.48Defendants.
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67Case No. 2:17-cv-0893766Case No. 2:17-cv-08937
68COMPLAINT FOR BREACH OF CONTRACT AND COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT67FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR BREACH OF CONTRACT AND COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT
69DEMAND FOR JURY TRIAL Case 2:17-cv-08937 Document 1 Filed 12/12/17 Page 1 of 15 Page ID #:168DEMAND FOR JURY TRIAL Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 1 of 17 Page ID #:68
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98COMPLAINT97FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
99COMPLAINT98FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
100Plaintiff Crytek GmbH ("Crytek") brings this Complaint against Cloud Imperium Games Corporation and Roberts Space Industries Corporation ("Defendants"), and in support thereof alleges as follows, upon personal knowledge as to itself and upon information and belief as to all others:99Plaintiff Crytek GmbH ("Crytek") brings this Complaint against Cloud Imperium Games Corporation ("CIG") and Roberts Space Industries Corporation ("RSI") (collectively, "Defendants"), and in support thereof alleges as follows, upon personal knowledge as to itself and upon information and belief as to all others:
101NATURE OF ACTION100NATURE OF ACTION
1021. This Court has exclusive subject matter jurisdiction over this action under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331 and 1338(a) because federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction in copyright cases, and because those claims are federal questions. This Court also has diversity jurisdiction over this action under 28 U.S.C. § 1332 because Defendants are citizens of California, Plaintiff is a citizen of a foreign state, and the amount in controversy substantially exceeds $75,000.1011. This Court has exclusive subject matter jurisdiction over this action under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331 and 1338(a) because federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction in copyright cases, and because those claims are federal questions. This Court also has diversity jurisdiction over this action under 28 U.S.C. § 1332 because Defendants are citizens of California, Plaintiff is a citizen of a foreign state, and the amount in controversy substantially exceeds $75,000.
1032. Crytek is an industry-leading video game developer, publisher, and technology provider. It has created some of the most popular and award-winning video game franchises in the world, including Far Cry and Crysis. Crytek is also long renowned for pushing the boundaries of video games with its highly acclaimed CryEngine, a cutting-edge, powerful, and feature-filled video game development platform and computer program that provides game developers access to today's most advanced game engine technologies.1022. Crytek is an industry-leading video game developer, publisher, and technology provider. It has created some of the most popular and award-winning video game franchises in the world, including Far Cry and Crysis. Crytek is also long renowned for pushing the boundaries of video games with its highly acclaimed CryEngine, a cutting-edge, powerful, and feature-filled video game development platform and computer program that provides game developers access to today's most advanced game engine technologies.
1043. In 2012, Defendants sought to develop a new game called "Star Citizen," which was billed as an epic space adventure, trading, and dogfighting video game. To make that game a reality, Defendants sought to use the CryEngine video game development platform as its foundation. Crytek and Defendants agreed to preliminary license terms, and Crytek invested significant time and expense in creating impressive demonstrations and proofs-of-concept that were used to persuade the public to contribute financially to a "crowdfunding" campaign to support development of the video game. As a direct result of Crytek's efforts, the1033. In 2012, Defendants sought to develop a new game called "Star Citizen," which was billed as an epic space adventure, trading, and dogfighting video game. To make that game a reality, Defendants sought to use the CryEngine video game development platform as its foundation. Crytek and Defendants agreed to preliminary license terms, and Crytek invested significant time and expense in creating impressive demonstrations and proofs-of-concept that were used to persuade the public to contribute financially to a "crowdfunding" campaign to support development of the video game. As a direct result of Crytek's efforts, the
105Case 2:17-cv-08937 Document 1 Filed 12/12/17 Page 2 of 15 Page ID #:2104Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 2 of 17 Page ID #:69
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134COMPLAINT133FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
135crowdfunding campaign for Star Citizen was a monumental success, raising over 150 million dollars — a record for video game crowdfunding projects.134crowdfunding campaign for Star Citizen was a monumental success, raising over 150 million dollars — a record for video game crowdfunding projects.
1364. Crytek and Defendants subsequently formalized their relationship by entering into a Game License Agreement. In that Agreement, Defendants promised, among other things, (i) to use the CryEngine game development platform exclusively and to promote that platform within the video game, (ii) to collaborate with Crytek on CryEngine development, and (iii) to take a number of steps to ensure that Crytek's intellectual property was protected. Defendants utterly failed to follow through on those promises, and their actions and omissions constitute breaches of contract and copyright infringement and have caused substantial harm to Crytek.1354. Crytek and Defendants subsequently formalized their relationship by entering into a Game License Agreement. In that Agreement, Defendants promised, among other things, (i) to use the CryEngine game development platform exclusively and to promote that platform within the video game, (ii) to collaborate with Crytek on CryEngine development, and (iii) to take a number of steps to ensure that Crytek's intellectual property was protected. Defendants utterly failed to follow through on those promises, and their actions and omissions constitute breaches of contract and copyright infringement and have caused substantial harm to Crytek.
1375. By this action, Crytek seeks damages that will fairly and fully compensate it for Defendants' breach and infringement. If this relief is not granted, Defendants will continue to profit unjustly at Crytek's expense.1365. By this action, Crytek seeks damages that will fairly and fully compensate it for Defendants' breach and infringement. If this relief is not granted, Defendants will continue to profit unjustly at Crytek's expense.
138PARTIES137PARTIES
1396. Plaintiff Crytek is a German corporation with its principal place of business in Frankfurt, Germany. Crytek is, and at all relevant times has been, the owner of a copyright in the CryEngine computer program ("CryEngine"). CryEngine is the subject of an application for copyright registration.1386. Plaintiff Crytek is a German corporation with its principal place of business in Frankfurt, Germany. Crytek is, and at all relevant times has been, the owner of a copyright in the CryEngine computer program ("CryEngine" or "Copyrighted Work"). CryEngine is the subject of a valid Certificate of Copyright Registration issued by the United States Register of Copyrights.
1407. Defendant Cloud Imperium Games Corporation ("CIG") is a corporation organized under the laws of Delaware and registered to do business in California with its principal place of business in Los Angeles, California.1397. Defendant Cloud Imperium Games Corporation ("CIG") is a corporation organized under the laws of Delaware and registered to do business in California with its principal place of business in Los Angeles, California.
1418. Defendant Roberts Space Industries Corporation ("RSI") is a corporation organized under the laws of Delaware and registered to do business in California with its principal place of business in Los Angeles, California.1408. Defendant Roberts Space Industries Corporation ("RSI") is a corporation organized under the laws of Delaware and registered to do business in California with its principal place of business in Los Angeles, California. Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 3 of 17 Page ID #:70
142JURISDICTION AND VENUE
1439. This Court has exclusive subject matter jurisdiction over this action under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331 and 1338(a) because federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction in copyright cases, and because those claims are federal questions. Case 2:17-cv-08937 Document 1 Filed 12/12/17 Page 3 of 15 Page ID #:3
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172COMPLAINT169FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
170JURISDICTION AND VENUE
1719. This Court has exclusive subject matter jurisdiction over this action under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331 and 1338(a) because federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction in copyright cases, and because those claims are federal questions.
17310. This Court also has diversity jurisdiction over this action under 28 U.S.C. § 1332 because Defendants are citizens of California, Plaintiff is a citizen of a foreign state, and the amount in controversy substantially exceeds $75,000.17210. This Court also has diversity jurisdiction over this action under 28 U.S.C. § 1332 because Defendants are citizens of California, Plaintiff is a citizen of a foreign state, and the amount in controversy substantially exceeds $75,000.
17411. This Court has personal jurisdiction over Defendants because their principal place of business is in Los Angeles, California; they transact business in the State of California; they have engaged in actionable conduct within the State of California; and they maintain agents in the State of California and have other contacts with the State of California. The causes of action asserted herein arise out of Defendants' transactions and business within the State of California.17311. This Court has personal jurisdiction over Defendants because their principal place of business is in Los Angeles, California; they transact business in the State of California; they have engaged in actionable conduct within the State of California; and they maintain agents in the State of California and have other contacts with the State of California. The causes of action asserted herein arise out of Defendants' transactions and business within the State of California.
17512. Venue is proper in this District pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1391. Defendants regularly conduct business in this District, and a substantial part of the events giving rise to this action occurred in this District.17412. Venue is proper in this District pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1391. Defendants regularly conduct business in this District, and a substantial part of the events giving rise to this action occurred in this District.
176FACTS GIVING RISE TO THIS ACTION175FACTS GIVING RISE TO THIS ACTION
17713. Chris Roberts, a video game designer, and Ortwin Freyermuth, an entertainment lawyer, founded Defendants. On October 10, 2012, Defendants initiated a crowdfunding campaign to raise money for Star Citizen, a game to be developed by Defendants.17613. Chris Roberts, a video game designer, and Ortwin Freyermuth, an entertainment lawyer, founded Defendants. On October 10, 2012, Defendants initiated a crowdfunding campaign to raise money for Star Citizen, a game to be developed by Defendants.
17814. At significant time and expense, Crytek created demonstrations and proofs-of-concept for Defendants related to Star Citizen, and Defendants used those materials as part of the crowdfunding campaign for Star Citizen.17714. At significant time and expense, Crytek created demonstrations and proofs-of-concept for Defendants related to Star Citizen, and Defendants used those materials as part of the crowdfunding campaign for Star Citizen.
17915. On November 20, 2012, Crytek and Defendants entered into a Game License Agreement ("GLA") with Crytek. The GLA was extensively negotiated, and negotiations on behalf of the Defendants were led by one of the Defendants' co-founders, Freyermuth. In prior years, Freyermuth also represented Crytek in negotiations of similar license agreements with third parties. Notwithstanding that he had confidential information about Crytek's licensing practices that would unfairly advantage Defendants, Freyermuth never recused himself from those negotiations and never resolved that conflict of interest with Crytek. The17815. On November 20, 2012, Crytek and Defendants entered into a Game License Agreement ("GLA") that was extensively negotiated. The negotiations on behalf of the Defendants were led by one of the Defendants' co-founders, Freyermuth. In prior years, Freyermuth had represented Crytek in negotiations of
180Case 2:17-cv-08937 Document 1 Filed 12/12/17 Page 4 of 15 Page ID #:4179Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 4 of 17 Page ID #:71
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210negotiations on behalf of Crytek were led by Carl Jones, then an employee of Crytek. Jones later left Crytek and became an employee of Defendants.209similar license agreements with third parties and had confidential information about Crytek's licensing practices. The negotiations on behalf of Crytek were led by Carl Jones, then an employee of Crytek. Jones later left Crytek and became an employee of Defendants.
21116. Under the GLA, Defendants agreed to pay Crytek a license fee for access to and use of CryEngine in the Star Citizen video game. Crytek agreed to charge Defendants a below-market license rate for CryEngine in exchange for Defendants' agreements that they would — among other things — prominently display Crytek trademarks and copyright notices in the Star Citizen video game and related marketing materials.21016. Under the GLA, Defendants agreed to pay Crytek a license fee for access to and use of CryEngine in the Star Citizen video game. Crytek agreed to charge Defendants a below-market license rate for CryEngine in exchange for Defendants' agreements that they would — among other things — prominently display Crytek trademarks and copyright notices in the Star Citizen video game and related marketing materials.
21217. Having met their initial funding target and hoping to raise further contributions from the public, Defendants added additional "stretch goals" to their crowdfunding campaign and made further use of Crytek's materials in that process. Defendants promised to expand the scope of the crowdfunding project whenever each stretch goal was reached, and these expanded promises successfully induced additional funding contributions from the public. Defendants raised over $50 million by 2014, over $100 million by 2015, and over $150 million by earlier this year. Star Citizen has hit a record for video game crowdfunding projects and is one of the highest-funded crowdfunding campaigns of all time.21117. Having met their initial funding target and hoping to raise further contributions from the public, Defendants added additional "stretch goals" to their crowdfunding campaign and made further use of Crytek's materials in that process. Defendants promised to expand the scope of the crowdfunding project whenever each stretch goal was reached, and these expanded promises successfully induced additional funding contributions from the public. Defendants raised over $50 million by 2014, over $100 million by 2015, and over $150 million by 2017. Star Citizen has hit a record for video game crowdfunding projects and is one of the highest-funded crowdfunding campaigns of all time.
21318. Yet, even as funding for Defendants' campaign reached new heights, Defendants breached several promises they made to Crytek in the GLA and infringed Crytek's copyrights in the CryEngine computer program.21218. Yet, even as funding for Defendants' campaign reached new heights, Defendants breached several promises they made to Crytek in the GLA and infringed Crytek's copyrights in the CryEngine computer program.
214A. Defendants Are Developing a Separate Game Using CryEngine Without Permission213A. Defendants Are Developing a Separate Game Using CryEngine Without Permission
21519. Section 2.1.2 of the GLA contained a promise by Defendants to use CryEngine for the development of only one video game. During the negotiation of the terms of the GLA, Crytek made it clear that the game license would not cover anything more. Case 2:17-cv-08937 Document 1 Filed 12/12/17 Page 5 of 15 Page ID #:521419. Section 2.1.2 of the GLA contained a promise by Defendants to use CryEngine for the development of only one video game. During the negotiation of the terms of the GLA, Crytek made it clear that the game license would not cover anything more. Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 5 of 17 Page ID #:72
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24520. Section 2.1.2 of the GLA expressly states that CIG has a license only to "embed CryEngine in the Game and develop the Game." The GLA limits the use of the CryEngine computer program to a single video game called Star Citizen.24420. Section 2.1.2 of the GLA expressly states that CIG has a license only to "embed CryEngine in the Game and develop the Game" (emphasis added). The GLA limits the use of the CryEngine computer program to a single video game called Star Citizen.
24621. Exhibit 2 of the GLA states that "the Game does not include any content being sold and marketed separately," such as content "sold and marketed as a separate, standalone PC game."24521. Exhibit 2 of the GLA states that "the Game does not include any content being sold and marketed separately," such as content "sold and marketed as a separate, standalone PC game."
24722. On December 16, 2015, Defendants announced that "Squadron 42," a single-player video game involving space combat, would be sold separately from Star Citizen.24622. On December 16, 2015, Defendants announced that "Squadron 42," a single-player video game involving space combat, would be sold separately from Star Citizen. In the GLA, Defendants had expressly promised Crytek that Squadron 42 would be a "[f]eature" of Star Citizen, not a video game that would be sold separately.
24823. On January 29, 2016, Defendants made a further public announcement about Squadron 42, stating that it would be made available for purchase as a stand-alone video game.24723. On January 29, 2016, Defendants made a further public announcement about Squadron 42, stating that it would be made available for purchase as a stand-alone video game.
24924. On February 5, 2016, Crytek notified Defendants that their plan to distribute Squadron 42 as a standalone game was not covered by the GLA's license, because the GLA did not grant Defendants a license to embed CryEngine in any game other than Star Citizen.24824. On February 5, 2016, Crytek notified Defendants that their plan to distribute Squadron 42 as a standalone game was not covered by the GLA's license, because the GLA did not grant Defendants a license to embed CryEngine in any game other than Star Citizen.
25025. On February 14, 2016, Defendants moved forward with their plan for Squadron 42 notwithstanding their failure to obtain a license and began offering the video game for separate purchase. As a result, Defendants are intentionally and willfully using CryEngine without a license and in violation of copyright laws.24925. On February 14, 2016, Defendants moved forward with their plan for Squadron 42 notwithstanding their failure to obtain a license and began offering the video game for separate purchase. As a result, Defendants are intentionally and willfully using CryEngine without a license and in violation of copyright laws.
25126. On December 23, 2016, in reference to Star Citizen and Squadron 42, Defendants announced that "[b]oth games are currently in development and are backed by a record-breaking $139 million crowd funded effort."25026. On December 23, 2016, in reference to Star Citizen and Squadron 42, Defendants announced that "[b]oth games are currently in development and are backed by a record-breaking $139 million crowd funded effort" (emphasis added).
25227. Crytek has not been compensated for Defendants' unlicensed use of Crytek technology in the Squadron 42 game, and has been substantially harmed by being deprived of that compensation, which would ordinarily include a substantial up-front payment as well as a substantial royalty on game sales. Case 2:17-cv-08937 Document 1 Filed 12/12/17 Page 6 of 15 Page ID #:625127. Crytek has not been compensated for Defendants' unlicensed use of Crytek technology in the Squadron 42 game, and has been substantially harmed by Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 6 of 17 Page ID #:73
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281being deprived of that compensation, which would ordinarily include a substantial up-front payment as well as a substantial royalty on game sales.
282B. Defendants Removed Crytek Trademarks and Copyright Notices from Their Games and Marketing Materials Without Permission282B. Defendants Removed Crytek Trademarks and Copyright Notices from Their Games and Marketing Materials Without Permission
28328. Sections 2.8.1, 2.8.2, and 2.8.3 of the GLA contained promises by Defendants that they would prominently display Crytek's trademarks and copyright notices in the Star Citizen video game and related marketing materials.28328. Sections 2.8.1, 2.8.2, and 2.8.3 of the GLA contained promises by Defendants that they would prominently display Crytek's trademarks and copyright notices in the Star Citizen video game and related marketing materials.
28429. Section 2.8.1 of the GLA expressly states that the "splash screen, credits screen, documentation and packaging (if any) as well as the marketing material" shall include "Crytek's copyright notice."28429. Section 2.8.1 of the GLA expressly states that the "splash screen, credits screen, documentation and packaging (if any) as well as the marketing material (print, online etc.) of the Game shall include" Crytek's copyright notice (emphasis added).
28530. Section 2.8.2 of the GLA further states the "splash screen, credits screen, documentation and packaging (if any) as well as the marketing material" shall prominently display both the "Crytek" and "CryEngine" trademarks.28530. Section 2.8.2 of the GLA further states the "splash screen, credits screen, documentation and packaging (if any) as well as the marketing material (print, online etc.) of the Game shall include the trademarks 'Crytek' and 'CryEngine'" and that such trademarks would be prominently displayed (emphasis added).
28631. Section 2.8.3 of the GLA states that any changes to Crytek's trademarks and copyright notices in these materials requires "Crytek's prior written approval" and a ten day approval period.28631. Section 2.8.3 of the GLA states that any changes to Crytek's trademarks and copyright notices in these materials requires "Crytek's prior written approval" and a ten day approval period.
28732. In accordance with those provisions of the GLA, the Star Citizen video game initially contained a splash screen that included Crytek's trademarks and copyright notices:287Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 7 of 17 Page ID #:74
28833. Defendants knew Crytek's right to display its trademarks and copyright notices in the Star Citizen video game and related marketing materials was a critical component of the GLA. Yet, by at least September 24, 2016, Defendants' co-founder
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319Chris Roberts publicly sought to minimize Crytek's contribution to Star Citizen, stating that "we don't call [the video game engine] CryEngine anymore, we call it Star Engine" (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fDROliuDczo).31732. In accordance with those provisions of the GLA, the Star Citizen video game initially contained a splash screen that included Crytek's trademarks and copyright notices:
31833. Defendants knew Crytek's right to display its trademarks and copyright notices in the Star Citizen video game and related marketing materials was a critical component of the GLA. Yet, by at least September 24, 2016, Defendants' co-founder Chris Roberts publicly sought to minimize Crytek's contribution to Star Citizen, stating that "we don't call [the video game engine] CryEngine anymore, we call it Star Engine" (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fDROliuDczo).
32034. Shortly thereafter, Defendants removed Crytek trademarks and copyright notices from the Star Citizen video game and related marketing materials in breach of the GLA.31934. Shortly thereafter, Defendants removed Crytek trademarks and copyright notices from the Star Citizen video game and related marketing materials in breach of the GLA.
32135. The licensing fee negotiated under the GLA reflected a substantial reduction from Crytek's usual licensing fees in view of the promotional consideration and other consideration that Defendants promised to Crytek in Sections 2.8.1, 2.8.2, and 2.8.3 of that Agreement. In view of the fact that Crytek has been deprived of that promised consideration, Crytek has been substantially damaged, and has failed to receive the balance of its full, usual license fee.32035. The licensing fee negotiated under the GLA reflected a substantial reduction from Crytek's usual licensing fees in view of the promotional consideration and other consideration that Defendants promised to Crytek in Sections 2.8.1, 2.8.2, and 2.8.3 of that Agreement. In view of the fact that Crytek has been deprived of that promised consideration, Crytek has been substantially damaged, and has failed to receive the balance of its full, usual license fee. Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 8 of 17 Page ID #:75
322C. Defendants Broke Its Promise to Exclusively Use CryEngine for the Game
32336. Section 2.1.2 of the GLA contained a critical promise from Defendants that they would not develop the Star Citizen video game using any other video game engines.
32437. Section 2.1.2 of the GLA states that Defendants have a license only to "exclusively embed CryEngine in the Game."
32538. On December 23, 2016, Defendants announced that they were using the Amazon Lumberyard video game engine for Star Citizen. The GLA did not permit Defendants to use any other video game engine in Star Citizen except for CryEngine.
32639. Crytek has been damaged by Defendants' breach of Section 2.1.2 of the GLA, including for the reason that Crytek has failed to receive the benefit of the favorable attention that it otherwise would have derived from Defendants' use of CryEngine in Star Citizen.
327Case 2:17-cv-08937 Document 1 Filed 12/12/17 Page 8 of 15 Page ID #:8
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356COMPLAINT349FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
350C. Defendants Broke Its Promise to Exclusively Use CryEngine for the Game
35136. Section 2.1.2 of the GLA contained a critical promise from Defendants that they would not develop the Star Citizen video game using any other video game engines.
35237. Section 2.1.2 of the GLA states that Defendants have a license only to "exclusively embed CryEngine in the Game" (emphasis added).
35338. On December 23, 2016, Defendants announced that they were using the Amazon Lumberyard video game engine for Star Citizen. The GLA did not permit Defendants to use any other video game engine in Star Citizen except for CryEngine.
35439. Crytek has been damaged by Defendants' breach of Section 2.1.2 of the GLA, including for the reason that Crytek has failed to receive the benefit of the favorable attention that it otherwise would have derived from Defendants' use of CryEngine in Star Citizen.
357D. Defendants Broke Its Promise to Collaborate On CryEngine Development355D. Defendants Broke Its Promise to Collaborate On CryEngine Development
35840. Section 7.3 of the GLA contained a promise that Defendants would provide bug fixes and optimizations to CryEngine on at least an annual basis.35640. Section 7.3 of the GLA contained a promise that Defendants would provide bug fixes and optimizations to CryEngine on at least an annual basis.
35941. Section 7.3 of the GLA states that "[a]nnually during the Game's development period, and again upon publication of the final Game, Licensee shall provide Crytek with any bug fixes, and optimizations made to the CryEngine's original source code files (including CryEngine tools provided by Crytek) as a complete compilable version."35741. Section 7.3 of the GLA states that "[a]nnually during the Game's development period, and again upon publication of the final Game, Licensee shall provide Crytek with any bug fixes, and optimizations made to the CryEngine's original source code files (including CryEngine tools provided by Crytek) as a complete compilable version" (emphasis added).
36042. On November 16, 2015, Crytek requested long overdue bug fixes and optimizations from Defendants. Defendants did not make a good faith effort to provide Crytek with the promised bug fixes and optimizations to the CryEngine as a complete compilable version.35842. On November 16, 2015, Crytek requested long overdue bug fixes and optimizations from Defendants. Defendants did not make a good faith effort to provide Crytek with the promised bug fixes and optimizations to the CryEngine as a complete compilable version.
36143. On November 24, 2016, Crytek informed Defendants that they were in breach of Section 7.3 of the GLA. Although Defendants claimed that they were ready and willing to comply with their obligations, they did not comply.35943. On November 24, 2016, Crytek informed Defendants that they were in Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 9 of 17 Page ID #:76
36244. On June 22, 2017, Crytek sent another letter to Defendants, again requesting the bug fixes and optimizations that were promised under the GLA. To date, Defendants have not made a good faith effort to provide Crytek with the promised bug fixes and optimizations to the CryEngine as a complete, compilable version.
36345. Crytek has been damaged by Defendants' breach of Section 7.3 of the GLA, including for the reason that Defendants have failed to provide the technology to Crytek that they promised to Crytek under the GLA, and Crytek accordingly has not benefited from use of that technology. Case 2:17-cv-08937 Document 1 Filed 12/12/17 Page 9 of 15 Page ID #:9
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392COMPLAINT388FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
389breach of Section 7.3 of the GLA. Although Defendants claimed that they were ready and willing to comply with their obligations, they did not comply.
39044. On June 22, 2017, Crytek sent another letter to Defendants, again requesting the bug fixes and optimizations that were promised under the GLA. To date, Defendants have not made a good faith effort to provide Crytek with the promised bug fixes and optimizations to the CryEngine as a complete, compilable version.
39145. Crytek has been damaged by Defendants' breach of Section 7.3 of the GLA, including for the reason that Defendants have failed to provide the technology to Crytek that they promised to Crytek under the GLA, and Crytek accordingly has not benefited from use of that technology.
393E. Defendants Disclosed CryEngine Technology to Third Parties Without Permission392E. Defendants Disclosed CryEngine Technology to Third Parties Without Permission
39446. Sections 2.2.1, 2.2.2, and 2.6 of the GLA contained a promise by Defendants that they would keep the underlying technology for CryEngine (including computer source code) confidential and not share it with anyone else without first disclosing that third party and obtaining prior written approval.39346. Sections 2.2.1, 2.2.2, and 2.6 of the GLA contained a promise by Defendants that they would keep the underlying technology for CryEngine (including computer source code) confidential and not share it with anyone else without first disclosing that third party and obtaining prior written approval.
39547. Section 2.2.1 of the GLA states that Defendants shall not "publish or distribute the CryEngine in any way, be it in source code or object code."39447. Section 2.2.1 of the GLA states that Defendants shall not "publish or distribute the CryEngine in any way, be it in source code or object code."
39648. Section 2.2.2 of the GLA states that Defendants shall not "use CryEngine in any manner which may disclose the CryEngine source code or other Crytek proprietary information to any third party not otherwise authorized herein."39548. Section 2.2.2 of the GLA states that Defendants shall not "use CryEngine in any manner which may disclose the CryEngine source code or other Crytek proprietary information to any third party not otherwise authorized herein."
39749. Section 2.6 of the GLA states that a third party developer is permitted to access the Crytek technology so long as Defendants obtain "prior written approval" from Crytek and the third party developer enters into non-disclosure and non-competition agreements with Crytek.39649. Section 2.6 of the GLA states that a third party developer is permitted to access the Crytek technology so long as Defendants obtain "prior written approval" from Crytek and the third party developer enters into non-disclosure and non-competition agreements with Crytek.
39850. On May 6, 2015, Defendants began posting a series of videos online titled "Bugsmashers." The videos contain excerpts of information from CryEngine that were confidential, in breach of the GLA, and should not have been shown to the public. The series continues today.39750. On May 6, 2015, Defendants began posting a series of videos online titled "Bugsmashers." The videos contain excerpts of information from CryEngine Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 10 of 17 Page ID #:77
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426FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
427that were confidential, in breach of the GLA, and should not have been shown to the public. The series continues today.
39951. On August 26, 2017, news reports announced a partnership between Defendants and a third party developer, Faceware Technologies. Upon information and belief, as a result of the partnership, Faceware received access to the underlying technology for CryEngine (including computer source code). Defendants did not disclose this third party developer's involvement to Crytek, let alone obtain Crytek's prior written approval. This was entirely in breach of the GLA.42851. On August 26, 2017, news reports announced a partnership between Defendants and a third party developer, Faceware Technologies. Upon information and belief, as a result of the partnership, Faceware received access to the underlying technology for CryEngine (including computer source code). Defendants did not disclose this third party developer's involvement to Crytek, let alone obtain Crytek's prior written approval. This was entirely in breach of the GLA.
40052. Crytek has been damaged by Defendants' breach of these provisions of the GLA, including for the reason that third parties not authorized by Crytek may have used Crytek's technology to Crytek's detriment. Case 2:17-cv-08937 Document 1 Filed 12/12/17 Page 10 of 15 Page ID #:1042952. Crytek has been damaged by Defendants' breach of these provisions of the GLA, including for the reason that third parties not authorized by Crytek may have used Crytek's technology to Crytek's detriment. Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 11 of 17 Page ID #:78
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429COMPLAINT458FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
430COUNTS459COUNTS
431COUNT 1: BREACH OF CONTRACT460COUNT 1: BREACH OF CONTRACT
43253. Crytek incorporates by reference the allegations in the preceding paragraphs of this Complaint.46153. Crytek incorporates by reference the allegations in the preceding paragraphs of this Complaint.
43354. The GLA constitutes a writing to which Defendant was a party and through which Cyrtek provided Defendants with a limited license to use the CryEngine computer program.46254. The GLA constitutes a writing to which Crytek and Defendants were parties. By their actions and conduct, Defendants established that RSI was bound by the GLA as if it were a signatory thereto. Through the GLA, Crytek provided Defendants with a limited license to use the CryEngine computer program. At all material times, Crytek performed the acts and conditions precedent necessary under the GLA.
43455. The GLA limits the use of the CryEngine computer program to a single video game called Star Citizen.46355. The GLA limits the use of the CryEngine computer program to a single video game called Star Citizen.
43556. Defendants breached the GLA by using CryEngine to market, develop, and incentivize funding for more than one game, thereby enriching itself of millions of dollars without payment for such use.46456. Defendants intentionally breached the GLA by using CryEngine to market, develop, and incentivize funding for more than one game, thereby enriching itself of millions of dollars without payment for such use.
43657. Defendants further breached the GLA by refusing to provide agreed upon annual bug fixes and optimizations to CryEngine.46557. Defendants further intentionally breached the GLA by refusing to provide agreed upon annual bug fixes and optimizations to CryEngine.
43758. Defendants further breached the GLA by, among other things, removing Crytek's trademarks and copyright notices from the Star Citizen video game and related marketing materials.46658. Defendants further intentionally breached the GLA by, among other things, removing Crytek's trademarks and copyright notices from the Star Citizen video game and related marketing materials.
43859. Defendants further breached the GLA by breaking its promise to exclusively use CryEngine in the Star Citizen video game.46759. Defendants further intentionally breached the GLA by breaking their promise to exclusively use CryEngine in the Star Citizen video game.
43960. Crytek has suffered and will continue to suffer harm by Defendants' past and ongoing breaches of the GLA and is entitled to monetary damages in an amount to be determined at trial. Case 2:17-cv-08937 Document 1 Filed 12/12/17 Page 11 of 15 Page ID #:1146860. Crytek has suffered and will continue to suffer harm by Defendants' past and ongoing breaches of the GLA and is entitled to monetary damages in an amount to be determined at trial. Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 12 of 17 Page ID #:79
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468COMPLAINT497FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
469COUNT 2: COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT498COUNT 2: COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT
47061. Plaintiff incorporates by reference the allegations in the preceding paragraphs of this Complaint.49961. Plaintiff incorporates by reference the allegations in the preceding paragraphs of this Complaint.
47162. Crytek is the copyright holder of the copyrighted CryEngine computer program. The CryEngine computer program constitutes copyright expression protected by 17 U.S.C. § 101, et seq. A true and correct copy of Crytek’s application for copyright registration is attached as Exhibit 1.50062. Crytek is the copyright holder of the copyrighted CryEngine computer program. The CryEngine computer program constitutes copyright expression protected by 17 U.S.C. § 101, et seq. A true and correct copy of Crytek’s Certificate of Registration is attached as Exhibit 1.
47263. Defendants have reproduced, displayed, and distributed unauthorized copies of the CryEngine computer program to which they had access. Such unauthorized copies exceed the permissible license terms and therefore constitute unlawful reproduction, display, and distribution of the CryEngine computer program.50163. Under the GLA, Defendants were granted a limited license to embed the copyrighted CryEngine computer program in a single video game called Star Citizen. However, the GLA did not grant a license to embed the copyrighted CryEngine computer program in content sold and marketed as a separate, standalone video game. Squadron 42 is currently being sold and marketed as a separate, standalone video game.
47364. Defendants' acts violate the exclusive rights of Crytek as the copyright holder to reproduce, display and distribute the CryEngine computer program and to create derivative works from it, as set forth in 17 U.S.C. § 106.50264. Defendants have intentionally reproduced, displayed, and distributed unauthorized copies of the CryEngine computer program to which they had access. Such unauthorized copies exceed the permissible license terms and therefore constitute unlawful reproduction, display, and distribution of the CryEngine computer program.
47465. Crytek is informed and believes and thereon alleges that the infringement of Crytek's copyright was willful, reckless, and/or in blatant disregard for Crytek's rights as a copyright holder, and as such, claims willful, exemplary and enhanced statutory damages, and/or a preclusion from claiming certain deductions or other benefits during the calculation of damages.50365. Defendants' intentional acts violate the exclusive rights of Crytek as the copyright holder to reproduce, display and distribute the CryEngine computer program and to create derivative works from it, as set forth in 17 U.S.C. § 106.
47566. Defendants' infringements of Crytek's copyrights are the direct and proximate cause of damages to Crytek, and Crytek is entitled to compensatory damages in an amount to be determined at trial.50466. Defendants continue to intentionally reproduce, display, and distribute new versions of Squadron 42 that embed the copyrighted CryEngine computer program without authorization.
47667. Crytek is further entitled to recover from Defendants all of the gains, profits, and advantages they have obtained as a result of the infringement, and for disgorgement of any additional gains, profits, and advantages Defendants obtained that are attributable to their infringement of the CryEngine computer program in an amount to be proven at trial, together with attorneys' fees and costs pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §§ 504 and 505. Case 2:17-cv-08937 Document 1 Filed 12/12/17 Page 12 of 15 Page ID #:1250567. Additionally, if RSI is not deemed to be bound by the GLA as if it were a signatory thereto, then RSI's intentional reproduction, display, and distribution of the Star Citizen video game that embeds the copyrighted CryEngine computer program is also unauthorized. Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 13 of 17 Page ID #:80
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534FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
53568. Crytek is informed and believes and thereon alleges that the infringement of Crytek's copyright was willful, reckless, and/or in blatant disregard for Crytek's rights as a copyright holder, and as such, claims willful, exemplary and enhanced statutory damages, and/or a preclusion from claiming certain deductions or other benefits during the calculation of damages.
53669. Defendants' infringements of Crytek's copyrights are the direct and proximate cause of damages to Crytek, and Crytek is entitled to compensatory damages in an amount to be determined at trial.
53770. Crytek is further entitled to recover from Defendants all of the gains, profits, and advantages they have obtained as a result of the infringement, and for disgorgement of any additional gains, profits, and advantages Defendants obtained that are attributable to their infringement of the CryEngine computer program in an amount to be proven at trial, together with attorneys' fees and costs pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §§ 504 and 505. Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 14 of 17 Page ID #:81
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505COMPLAINT566FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
506PRAYER FOR RELIEF567PRAYER FOR RELIEF
507WHEREFORE, Plaintiff respectfully requests that this Court enter the following legal and equitable relief in favor of Plaintiff and against Defendant as a result of its infringing conduct and other inequitable practices:568WHEREFORE, Plaintiff respectfully requests that this Court enter the following legal and equitable relief in favor of Plaintiff and against Defendant as a result of its infringing conduct and other inequitable practices:
508a. awarding Plaintiff all direct damages (estimated to be in excess of $75,000), indirect damages, consequential damages (including lost profits), special damages, costs, fees, and expenses incurred by reason of Defendants' breach of contract and copyright infringement;569a. awarding Plaintiff all direct damages (estimated to be in excess of $75,000), indirect damages, consequential damages (including lost profits), special damages, costs, fees, and expenses incurred by reason of Defendants' breach of contract and copyright infringement;
509b. entering a permanent injunction enjoining and restraining Defendants from continuing to possess or use the Copyrighted Work and a preliminary and permanent injunction requiring Defendants, and all those acting in concert or participation with Defendants, from infringing or encouraging, aiding or abetting others to infringe the Copyrighted Work;570b. entering a permanent injunction enjoining and restraining Defendants from continuing to possess or use the Copyrighted Work and a preliminary and permanent injunction requiring Defendants, and all those acting in concert or participation with Defendants, from infringing or encouraging, aiding or abetting others to infringe the Copyrighted Work;
510c. awarding actual damages and disgorgement of Defendants' profits in an amount to be determined at trial, together with interest, attorneys' fees, and costs of suit as provided by law and as set forth in the contracts at issue;571c. awarding actual damages and disgorgement of Defendants' profits in an amount to be determined at trial, together with interest, attorneys' fees, and costs of suit as provided by law and as set forth in the contracts at issue;
511d. awarding punitive damages in an amount to be determined at trial;572d. awarding punitive damages in an amount to be determined at trial;
512e. awarding all remedies provided for under 17 U.S.C. § 504;573e. awarding all remedies provided for under 17 U.S.C. § 504;
513f. granting such other and further relief as the equities of the case may require and as this Court may deem just and proper under the circumstances. Case 2:17-cv-08937 Document 1 Filed 12/12/17 Page 13 of 15 Page ID #:13574f. granting such other and further relief as the equities of the case may require and as this Court may deem just and proper under the circumstances. Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 15 of 17 Page ID #:82
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542COMPLAINT603FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
543Dated: December 12, 2017604Dated: January 2, 2018
544KEVIN J. MINNICK (SBN 269620)605KEVIN J. MINNICK (SBN 269620)
545kevin.minnick@skadden.com606kevin.minnick@skadden.com
546SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE, MEAGHER & FLOM LLP607SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE, MEAGHER & FLOM LLP
547300 South Grand Avenue, Suite 3400608300 South Grand Avenue, Suite 3400
548Los Angeles, CA 90071609Los Angeles, CA 90071
549Telephone: (213) 687-5000610Telephone: (213) 687-5000
550Facsimile: (213) 687-5600611Facsimile: (213) 687-5600
551P. ANTHONY SAMMI anthony.sammi@skadden.com KURT WM. HEMR kurt.hemr@skadden.com (motion for pro hac vice admission of the foregoing attorneys forthcoming) SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE, MEAGHER & FLOM LLP Four Times Square New York, New York 10036 Telephone: (212) 735-3000 Facsimile: (212) 735-2000612P. ANTHONY SAMMI
613(admitted pro hac vice) anthony.sammi@skadden.com KURT WM. HEMR
614(motion for pro hac vice pending) kurt.hemr@skadden.com SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE, MEAGHER & FLOM LLP Four Times Square New York, New York 10036 Telephone: (212) 735-3000 Facsimile: (212) 735-2000
552/s/ James Y. Pak JAMES Y. PAK (SBN 304563) james.pak@skadden.com615/s/ James Y. Pak JAMES Y. PAK (SBN 304563) james.pak@skadden.com
553SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE,616SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE,
554MEAGHER & FLOM LLP 525 University Avenue, Suite 1400 Palo Alto, CA 94301617MEAGHER & FLOM LLP 525 University Avenue, Suite 1400 Palo Alto, CA 94301
555(650) 470-4500 (650) 470-4570618(650) 470-4500 (650) 470-4570
556Attorneys for Plaintiff619Attorneys for Plaintiff
557Crytek GmbH620Crytek GmbH
558Case 2:17-cv-08937 Document 1 Filed 12/12/17 Page 14 of 15 Page ID #:14621Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 16 of 17 Page ID #:83
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587COMPLAINT650FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
588565882-PALSR01A - MSW651570449-PALSR01A - MSW
589JURY DEMAND652JURY DEMAND
590Plaintiff Crytek GmbH hereby demands a trial by jury on all matters and issues so triable.653Plaintiff Crytek GmbH hereby demands a trial by jury on all matters and issues so triable.
591Dated: December 12, 2017654Dated: January 2, 2018
592KEVIN J. MINNICK (SBN 269620)655KEVIN J. MINNICK (SBN 269620)
593kevin.minnick@skadden.com656kevin.minnick@skadden.com
594SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE, MEAGHER & FLOM LLP657SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE, MEAGHER & FLOM LLP
595300 South Grand Avenue, Suite 3400658300 South Grand Avenue, Suite 3400
596Los Angeles, CA 90071659Los Angeles, CA 90071
597Telephone: (213) 687-5000660Telephone: (213) 687-5000
598Facsimile: (213) 687-5600661Facsimile: (213) 687-5600
599P. ANTHONY SAMMI anthony.sammi@skadden.com KURT WM. HEMR kurt.hemr@skadden.com (motion for pro hac vice admission of the foregoing attorneys forthcoming) SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE, MEAGHER & FLOM LLP Four Times Square New York, New York 10036 Telephone: (212) 735-3000 Facsimile: (212) 735-2000662P. ANTHONY SAMMI
663(admitted pro hac vice) anthony.sammi@skadden.com KURT WM. HEMR
664(motion for pro hac vice pending) kurt.hemr@skadden.com SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE, MEAGHER & FLOM LLP Four Times Square New York, New York 10036 Telephone: (212) 735-3000 Facsimile: (212) 735-2000
600/s/ James Y. Pak JAMES Y. PAK (SBN 304563) james.pak@skadden.com665/s/ James Y. Pak JAMES Y. PAK (SBN 304563) james.pak@skadden.com
601SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE,666SKADDEN, ARPS, SLATE,
602MEAGHER & FLOM LLP 525 University Avenue, Suite 1400 Palo Alto, CA 94301667MEAGHER & FLOM LLP 525 University Avenue, Suite 1400 Palo Alto, CA 94301
603(650) 470-4500 (650) 798-4570668(650) 470-4500 (650) 798-4570
604Attorneys for Plaintiff669Attorneys for Plaintiff
605Crytek GmbH670Crytek GmbH
606Case 2:17-cv-08937 Document 1 Filed 12/12/17 Page 15 of 15 Page ID #:15671Case 2:17-cv-08937-DMG-FFM Document 18 Filed 01/02/18 Page 17 of 17 Page ID #:84
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